Mellitus diabetes. Glycemic control

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      Children are a population group that deserves special protection. The diagnosis of diabetes leads to the introduction of treatment and the adoption of habits that favor the stability of the child. This article offers information of interest to better understand this disease.Diabetes mellitus is defined as the metabolic syndrome characterized by hyperglycemia secondary to defects in secretion and / or action of insulin.

      During the first years of life, children have numerous infectious processes that facilitate the development of immunity. A well-controlled diabetic child will not have more infections than a non-diabetic child, but it is true that sustained hyperglycemia causes a decrease in the body’s defenses. Blood Sugar Premier Reviews Diabetes mellitus is an individual and public health problem. It constitutes the most frequent serious metabolic alteration in the population. Its global prevalence in the western world is around 2-6%. It is estimated that half of the cases remain undiagnosed, which constitutes what has been called occult diabetes. The incidence of diabetes mellitus is 10-12 new cases per 100,000 inhabitants per year. Regarding mortality, diabetes mellitus ranks between the fourth and sixth cause of death in developed countries. Regarding morbidity, newborns with a diabetic mother have a higher risk of malformations, being premature, macrosomia, metabolic disorders and death.

      Risk factor’s

      Multiple studies have tried to find out the cause / s of diabetes mellitus, despite the fact that the last word in this field has not yet been said.

      The following have been considered as risk factors:

      Age: the prevalence increases with age.

      Genetics: there is an increased risk in children born to diabetic mothers.

      Nutrition: the risk of developing type 2 diabetes mellitus increases in patients with obesity.

      Infection: the incidence of type 1 diabetes mellitus in winter and spring is three times higher, a fact that is related to the activity of some viruses.

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